Abbreviations

1The following abbreviations will be used in the footnotes for Spinoza’s works, which are based on the Spinoza Series (Edinburgh University Press): Ethics, followed by the Roman numeral of the part, and Praef. (preface), Def. (definition), Exp. (explanation), Ax. (axiom), App. (appendix), DA # (Definitions of the Affects from part three), or the Arabic numeral of the proposition, and Schol. (scholium), Dem. (demonstration), Cor. (corollary), Lem. (lemma), Post. (postulate); Theological-Political Treatise: TTP, followed by the Roman numeral of the chapter and by the Arabic numeral of the paragraph according to Karl Hermann Bruder’s edition; Political Treatise: TP, followed by the Roman numeral of the chapter and the Arabic numeral of the paragraph; Letters: Ep., followed by the Roman numeral of the corresponding letter and the addressee of the letter between square brackets; Treatise on the Emendation of the Intellect: TdIE, followed by the Arabic numeral of the paragraph added by Bruder; Metaphysical Thoughts: CM; followed by the Roman numeral of the chapter. In all case, references are to The Collected Works of Spinoza, ed. and trans. by Edwin Curley, 2 vols (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1985–2016), abbreviated as CWS i for volume i (1985) and CWS ii for volume ii (2016), and followed by the Arabic numeral of the page. When relevant, the authors will also refer to the standard critical edition of Spinoza’s Latin works — Spinoza opera, ed. by Carl Gebhardt, 4 vols (Heidelberg: Winter, 1925) — followed by the Roman numeral of the volume and the Arabic numeral of the page.

2For the works of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, MEW refers to Marx-Engels-Werke, 44 vols (Berlin: Dietz, 1956–2018) and MECW to Marx & Engels Collected Works, 50 vols (London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1975–2004). The Werke are for the most part available online at <http://www.mlwerke.de/me/me_mew.htm> [accessed 12 September 2020] and <https://marx-wirklich-studieren.net/marx-engels-werke-als-pdf-zum-download/> [accessed 1 November 2020].